APACHE PRISONERS AT FORT BOWIE, 1884
Fort Bowie in Arizona is where the fewer than two dozen members of Geronimo's Chiricahua Apache Band were brought after their final surrender on September 3, 1886. The last American Indians to engage in military resistance against the United States, Geronimo and his handful of men had been tracked by other Chiricahua Apaches serving as scouts for the Army.
Rather than being returned to one of the impoverished reservations, such as Fort Apache or San Carlos, the entire Chiricahua nation, including the scouts who tracked Geronimo, was shipped to Florida. There, at two military forts and later in Alabama and Oklahoma, they were held as prisoners of war for 27 years. A number of Chiricahua children were sent from Florida to the Carlisle Indian Industrial School at Carlisle, Pennsylvania. Many contracted tuberculosis, died and were buried in the Carlisle graveyard.